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Pearson's Potteries of Chesterfield

Discussion in 'Chesterfield History' started by lucygen, Nov 14, 2012.

  1. lucygen

    lucygen Local

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    I’m doing this over a number of posts as it’s long.

    Now then, this is just bits & bobs put together like the other Pottery threads. Mainly 1800 -1900 but with a few later bits thrown in.
    Where I haven’t seen any documents I’ve written, in brackets, some of the ref. nos. of the documents which can be seen at the Matlock Record Office; details can be found on their website.
    After I’ve finished with all the documents I have, I will be giving copies to the Chesterfield Local Studies Department of the Chesterfield Library, so that anyone interested will be able to go there to see them in more detail.
    It’s a bit long & I get tired so if anyone sees any mistakes please shout!

    A Fast Summary:
    William Johnson bought 2 potteries - he also owned a colliery & land.
    1838: He died & left them to his wife, Catherine [nee Jervis] Johnson.
    1852: Catherine Johnson died & left them to her nephew, by her sister, Sarah [nee Jervis] Pearson, James Jervis Pearson. The potteries became “James Pearson’s” Potteries.
    1864: He died & left his estate in trust for his children with his brother Theophilus Pearson & friend John Reed as trustees. When his youngest child comes of age they inherit shares in the businesses.
    1881: The youngest son came of age - when the children were to come into their inheritance.
    1881: After checking the books of the businesses the children gave their rights to the business etc to their Uncle Theophilus Pearson who had been running it.
    1883: James Pearson, son of James Jervis Pearson, decided he wanted his share of the business after he found his Uncle Theo. had spent money he wasn’t entitled to.
    1884: A split in the Pearson family & the creation of 2 ’Pearson’ businesses.

    “James Pearson” Potteries, Whittington Moor, were run by Uncle Theophilus & family before the split in1884. It then became Pearson & Co., The Potteries, Whittington Moor.

    J. Pearson Ltd. / James Pearson Ltd. - Brampton or Oldfield & London Potteries was James Pearson’s potteries, son of James Jervis Pearson, after the 1884 split.

    Position of Potteries - Brampton

    Oldfield Pottery - James Pearson

    London Pottery - James Pearson

    Position of Pearson’s Potteries, Whittington / Newbold Moor [may be called called one or the other]

    An early map c1876-1885 The pottery on the far right was the Madin / Lancaster Pottery

    A later map c1898 Showing how the potteries have grown. The pottery on the far right of Pottery Lane was Madin / Lancaster Pottery - as was the one on Queen Street.

    Plans of the Whittington Potteries & Brick Yard Pearson’s Potteries


    The Johnson Pottery WILLIAM JOHNSON / PEARSON Potteries

    Two daughters of William & Hannah JERVIS, of Yorkshire, married William JOHNSON & Joseph PEARSON respectively.
    Catherine JERVIS, married William JOHNSON, 2nd January 1809 St. Peter’s Cathedral, Sheffield. One of the Witnesses was Sarah Jervis.
    Sarah JERVIS married Joseph PEARSON, a hatter, 26th February 1811 St. Mary and All Saints, Chesterfield.

    William Johnson Birth: c1772 - 18th February 1838 Newbold, 66yrs.
    Catherine Jervis 1787 Rawmarsh, Yks. - 21st July 1852 Blackpool Lancs. 65yrs.
    Sarah Jervis 1786 Killamarsh, Yks. - 2nd November 1856 Common, Newbold, 71yrs.
    Joseph Pearson Died: Before 1841 [not found other details - so if anyone has them……?] (1828/29 Pigot & Co. Directory: Hatters: Joseph Pearson, Matlock)

    William Johnson bought the ‘Bottom’ Whittington Pottery c1810 after the previous owners ran into financial trouble.

    {The Lancaster Gazette Saturday 18th February 1804
    ……..Samuel Sanforth, jun. and John Cartledge, of Newbold, Derbyshire, potters.
    Leeds Intelligencer, West Yks. Monday 20th February 1804
    Bankrupts from Tuesday’s Gazette
    ….Samuel Sanforth the Younger, and John Cartledge, of the Liberty of Newbold, in the Parish of Chesterfield}

    {Morning Post, London, 9th September 1807 PARTNERSHIP DISSOLVED.
    …….Samuel Sanforth, William Wass, and William Jarvase, at Whittington Moor Pottery, Derby.
    Derby Gazette 8th September 1807
    Partnership dissolved between Samuel Sanforth, William Wass & William Jarvase; manufacturers earthenware of pots, Whittington Moor Pottery near Chesterfield. 1st June 1807, Witnessed 18th August 1807}

    Derby Mercury Thursday 26th July 1810
    The fine Ware pottery at Whittington Moor,
    Near Chesterfield, Derbyshire.
    At the Falcon Inn, in Chesterfield, on Thursday the 16th day of August next, at five o’clock in the afternoon, subject to such Conditions as shall be then produced.
    A Valuable fine Ware POTTERY, with all necessary and convenient Work rooms, Warehouses, Kilns, Buildings, Fixtures, and Machinery, eligibly situated at Whittington Moor, about a mile from Chesterfield, near to the Canal from thence to Stockwith, and to the several Turnpike Roads leading over or near Whittington Moor.
    Mr Sanforth of Stonegravels, near Chesterfield will show the Pottery; and further particulars may be known by applying to Mr. B. LUCAS, Solicitor, in Chesterfield.
    Chesterfield July 17th, 1810

    1828/29 Pigot’s Directory. Earthenware Manufacturers.
    Robert Bainbridge & Co. - Whittington Moor
    William Johnson (& Stone bottle maker) - Whittington Moor

    The ‘Top’ Whittington pottery
    Jewitts ‘Ceramic Art of Great Britain’ 1800-1900
    Owned by William Bromley from 1800-1829 then Robert Bainbridge took over
    In existence from the middle or latter end of the 17 century. Near to the race-course. At that time made brown ware & white or cream coloured earthenware of a fine quality. Taken over by Robert Bainbridge & Co.
    Pearson’s took over in 1832.

    Derby Mercury Wednesday 22nd July 1829 Robert Bainbridge Bankrupt
    “WHEREAS a Commission of Bankrupt is awarded, and issued forth against ROBERT BAINBRIDGE, of Chesterfield, in the County of Derby, Grocer and Earthenware Manufacturer, dealer and chapman, and he being declared bankrupt…….…”

    William & Catherine had no children.

    Catherine’s sister Sarah & her husband Joseph Pearson had 7 children, (that I know of), all born in Matlock: James Jervis, Hannah, Catherine, Mary Anne, Louisa, Alfred & Theophilus. [see Tree]

    18th February 1838 Newbold, William Johnson died.


    In his will dated 2nd November 1837 he left legacies of money to his 10 nephews & nieces; brother & other family; friends; his apprentice William Bradshaw on his reaching 21yrs; servant John Saunderson & various parts of the Wesleyan Church. He also leaves £500 to his niece Catherine Pearson - James’ sister - & asks his wife to do the same. After the bequests he leaves everything to his wife Catherine.
    He also advises Catherine to let her sister & family live with her & let her nephew James Jervis Pearson run the business for her - & she should leave it to James Jervis after her death
    “….And I recommend my said Wife to leave to her Nephew James Jervis Pearson, now residing with me, after her decease the whole of the said Real Estate…….provided he continue to reside with and manage the Business for her my said Wife…”
    Witnessed by Anne Botham, John White & John Cutts. His wife Catherine was sole Executor.

    15th July 1838 St. Mary & All Saints, Chesterfield
    George Short, Currier, Lordsmill St., F: John Short, Framesmith
    Catherine Pearson, Newbold Moor, F: Joseph Pearson, Hatter
    Wit: John Short James; Louisa Pearson

    19th July 1840 St. Mary & All Saints, Chesterfield
    Job Shaw, Cabinet Maker, Glumangate, F: William Shaw, Cabinet Maker
    Louisa Pearson, Minor, Newbold Moor, F: Joseph Pearson, Hatter
    Wit: James Jervis Pearson; Mary Ann Pearson; William Morley

    1841 Census: Newbold Moor, Chesterfield. Catherine Johnson has with her, her sister Sarah Pearson & Sarah’s children: James, Alfred, Theophilus & Mary.

    Derby Mercury Wednesday 14th December 1842 George Short, Catherine’s Husband
    DARING ROBBERY:- On Monday night or Tuesday morning week, the warehouse of Messrs. John & George Short, leather curriers, in St. Mary’s Gate, Chesterfield, was broken into & about 8 cwt. Of dressed leather was stolen. The greater part of the stolen goods was cut into fronts for Wellingtons, Oxonians & Bluchers etc., & the total value was £100.
    The thieves attempted to enter by removing bricks from below the window but it was a double brick building so they gave up that idea. They then took out 4 panes of glass from underneath the sash of the window & procured a wooden post from a neighbouring garden to use as a battering ram on the iron bars, & succeeded in entering. No-one was caught.
    The same warehouse had been robbed 3 different times.

    1st April 1845 Catherine Johnson & James Jervis Pearson mortgaged the land situated in Brampton for £700 & interest, to William Jubb.

    Derby Mercury
    {Wednesday 17th December 1845 John Fells of Stonegravels committed to Derby County Gaol.
    {Wednesday 14th January 1846 STEALING AT CHESTERFIELD
    John Fells, aged 29, was charged with having on the 11th day of December, at the parish of Chesterfield, feloniously stole forty-seven pounds of weight in coal, the property Catherine Johnson.- Prosecutrix manufactures pots at Chesterfield, and her nephew Theophilus Pearson, saw prisoner steal the piece of coal which formed the subject of the indictment, and witness’s brother followed him and took it out of his apron.-Guilty.- One month hard labour.

    5th May 1846 St. Mary & All Saints, Chesterfield
    William Henry Heath, Hatter, St George’s Hanover Square, Middlesex, F: Henry Heath, Hat Mnfr.
    Mary Ann Pearson, Newbold Moor, F: Joseph Pearson, Hatter
    Wit: James Jervis Pearson; Louisa Shaw

    1849 Post Office Directory of Traders:
    Mrs. Catherine Johnson; Manufacturer of stone, spirit & porter bottles & antique wares of all kind.
    James J. Pearson; Stone bottle manufacturer

    1851 Census: Springvale, Hasland, Chesterfield. Catherine Johnson, widow, Retired earthenware Manufacturer.
    1851 Census: Sheffield Road, Chesterfield. Sarah Pearson with children:
    James Jervis Pearson - Earthenware Manufacturer, Employing 45 males & 20 females;
    Alfred Pearson - Assistant in the Pot Manufactory.
    Theophilus Pearson - Assistant in the Pottery

    20th March 1851: Lease written - from Catherine Johnson to James Jervis Pearson of an earthenware manufactury, premises at Newbold & land at Brampton. To begin, [or have begun], from the 3rd February 1851; for and during the term of sixty years.
    All that plot, piece or parcel of land situate and lying on Brampton Moor………in the said County of Derby containing by survey two thousand one hundred and fifty eight square yards or thereabouts bounded on or towards the North East by the road leading from the Chesterfield and Bakewell Turnpike Road to Brampton Moor, on or towards the South by a certain private occupation Road formerly set out for William Johnson deceased, and the purchasers of adjoining property on or towards the West by land now or formerly belonging to William Burkett and Joseph Salt and on or towards the East by land now or formerly belonging to Thomas Longden. Also all these three several pieces or parcels of land being formerly part of a certain Close called the Broad Meadow situate…...in Newbold….and contain …three roods or thereabouts…Also these several Messuages Dwelling Houses or Tenements and all those pot works, outhouses, huts, hovels, kilns, buildings and other erections whatsoever erected …….upon the different parts…of land. Together withal wheels, fixtures, fastenings, ovens, drying kilns, houses, outhouses, ways, casements and appurtenances………From the third day of February one thousand eight hundred and fifty one for and during …..the….term of sixty years thence…..ensuring…..the said term of sixty years shall not exceed the natural life of…Catherine Johnson and one year after her decease. Yielding and paying unto the said Catherine Johnson yearly…sixty five pounds of lawful British money to be paid by four equal quarterly payments in the year, that is to say on the third day of February, the third day of May, the third day of August and the third day of November without any deduction whatsoever, the first of such quarterly payments to be made on the third day of May next.
    James Jervis Pearson also has to agree to pay any taxes, assessments or duties during the term. He also has to keep everything in good repair & make improvements when necessary out of his own pocket; also to have & keep insurance.
    Any default in the terms of the lease & the lease will end & James will get nothing.

    21st July 1852, Wednesday Blackpool Lancs. Catherine Johnson died.

    Lancaster Gazette Saturday 24th July 1852 Deaths
    Blackpool - On Wednesday Last, at Blackpool, Catherine relict of Mr William Johnson earthenware manufacturer, Chesterfield, aged 65yrs.

    Derbyshire Courier 24th July 1852 Deaths
    At Blackpool, Lancashire, on Wednesday last, in the 65th year of her age, Mrs Johnson, of Spring Vale, Spital, Chesterfield, and formerly of Whittington Moor, earthenware manufacturer. Deceased left her home a fortnight since last Thursday, for this celebrated watering place, and up to Sunday last enjoyed excellent health and spirits, when she took cold from bathing; this induced an attack of diarrhoea the same evening, and she gradually got worse until her death, which ensued at the time above stated; her body arrived per rails at the Chesterfield station on the following Thursday afternoon. The kind heartedness and affable disposition of deceased had greatly endeared her to all who had the pleasure of her acquaintance.


    Catherine’s Will was made 29th September 1838; & was proved 14th October 1855. Personal Estate under £800.
    Catherine left her sister Hannah Harvey of Sheffield an annuity, yearly sum, of £7 10 shillings - & if she doesn't get it she has the right to take property etc in lieu; she left her niece Catherine [nee Pearson] Short a legacy of £200; & her nephew Theophilus Pearson a legacy of £200 when he reaches 21 years. The rest of her real & personal estate went to James Jervis Pearson. James was also sole Executor & witnesses were Anne Botham & John Cutts.

    2nd October 1852 James Pearson married Hannah Scott Glossop, daughter of Isaac Glossop, Maltster, in Chiswick, Middlesex.
    They had 4 children: James, Kate, Johnson & Arthur Glossop.

    1853. James’ brother Theophilus married Hannah’s sister, Elizabeth Glossop.
    They had 5 children: Robert Burns, Theophilus, Tom, Annie Jarvis & Frank Bernard.

    2nd November 1856 Common, Newbold, Sarah [nee Jervis] Pearson, widow to Joseph Pearson, died, 71yrs.

    5th November 1853 James Jervis Pearson took out another mortgage with Messrs. William Rooth & Francis Hurst Gentlemen.

    24th January 1857 James Jervis Pearson buys land containing 1 acre & 2 perches from the Duke of Devonshire for £100. [green bit] . Also in the agreement is a part that says James “hereby declares that his widow shall not be entitled to dower out of the hereditaments”.


    1861 Census: Sheffield Road, Chesterfield. James Jervis Pearson, Earthenware Manager, Farmer & Joiner, Colliery owner, Brickmaker, Employing 113 men & Boys.
    1861 Census: Stonegravels, Newbold, Chesterfield. Theophilus Pearson, Manager of a Pottery.
    1861 Census: Newbold & Dunston, Chesterfield. Alfred Pearson Commercial Traveller for an Earthenware Manufacturer.

    1862 Directory: Earthenware Manufacturers: Stone Bottles & Brown Ware.
    James Pearson: Whittington Moor

    c1862 Hannah Scott Pearson [nee Glossop], wife of James Jervis Pearson dies.

    27th June 1863 James Jervis Pearson takes out another mortgage to the Chesterfield & North Derbyshire Banking Company concerning land & premises at Newbold & Brampton including the potteries.

    1st October 1864 James Jervis Pearson dies.
    His Will is dated 7th September 1864.
    He leaves his estate in trust with his friend John Reed of Mosbro, Yks., (who died in 1870), & his brother Theophilus Pearson as Trustees.

    James leaves his 2 potteries on Newbold Moor with the buildings, erections connected, therewith, his Brick yard, Meadow Croft Shops and all the other land & hereditaments in Newbold; & all his land in Brampton, & all his real estate. He leaves his colliery & farming stock, & farming stock implements; all in trust.

    James wants his brother Theo. to manage all the businesses & run them as he would’ve done so, until James' son Arthur Glossop Pearson reaches 21yrs, [23rd February 1881]. Theo. should be paid 56 shillings a week as his salary. If Theo. doesn’t want to do it then he should find someone else to do it.

    Out of the profits, rents etc, a maximum of £50 per annum per child should be set aside for the maintenance, education & benefit of the 4 children of James, until the time they receive their shares. James wishes all the children to be brought up together in the same home if it’s 'practicable'.

    When Arthur Glossop reaches 21yrs then all the businesses, estates etc should be appraised & valued. Kate should receive one fourth of the valuation & the other three fourths should be divided between his sons James, Johnson & Arthur & his brother Theo. (provided Theo. had managed the businesses & taken care of James’ children), in equal shares. If a son doesn’t want to carry on the business then he shall be paid his share. If none of his sons want to carry on then the whole lot shall be sold up & the monies divided.

    This meant that the shares would be divided into sixteenths: James’ daughter Kate would get 4 sixteenths, & his sons James, Johnson & Arthur & brother Theo. would get 3 sixteenths each.

    Theo. Pearson & James Reed were his executors of the Will & Guardians of James’ children & their Estate.

    The Will was proved at Derby 2nd January 1865. Effects under £1,000.
  2. lucygen

    lucygen Local

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    1871 - 1884

    1871 Census: Pottery Lane, Newbold, Chesterfield. Theophilus Pearson, Earthenware Manufacturer, Blacksmith, Coal Owner, employing 90 men.
    With Theo. is his wife Elizabeth; son Robert Burns, Silver Plater; son Theophilus, Potter; sons Tom & Frank Bernard & daughter Annie Jarvis; also nephew James, Potter; nephews Johnson & Arthur Glossop & niece Kate.
    1871 Census: Sheffield, Yks. Alfred has left the Pottery business for the steel business.

    James & his brothers worked for their uncle in the business along with Theo’s sons.
    James worked as a traveller for the business so got to know all the customers - this would help him in the future.

    Derbyshire Times Saturday 20th September 1873
    To be sold by George Siddall, at the Angel Inn, Chesterfield on Friday the 26th September 1873.
    LOT 5
    A piece of land on the East side of the Sheffield Turnpike Road & between Pottery Lane & the Race Course, 3 Acres, 2 Rods & 16 Perches. Occupier Theophilus Pearson,
    LOT 6
    A piece of land on the North side of Pottery Lane & having also a frontage to the Brimington & Dunston Road, 2 Acres & 37 Perches. Occupier Theophilus Pearson

    5th April 1875 Theo. Pearson buys land at Whittington from Jane Hewitt for £120. See following plan.

    24th September 1875. Theophulis Pearson buys Whittington & Newbold land from William, Duke of Devonshire for £859 & 10 shillings. He buys the buildings etc on the surface but the mines & minerals in & under the land were reserved for the ford of the manor of Whittington, by the Whittington Inclosure Act of 1821.
    The Newbold land is in GREEN. No. 157 contains 3 roods & 15 perches with the messuage, garden & road. No. 158 contained 23 perches all occupied by Henry Holt with the messuages, garden. No. 159 contained 26 perches & the croft, hack yard, cow house & piggery. No 160 contained 1 rood & 9 perches occupied by Isaac Hewitt. No. 159a contained 21 perches with messuage, yard & piggery occupied by Mathew Wright.
    The Whittington land is in PINK. No. 1 contained 21 perches; no. 2 contained 20 perches, no. 3 contained 14 perches & no. 4 contained 19 perches; all occupied by Isaac Hewitt.
    Theophulis Pearson hereby declares that his widow (if any) shall not be allowed to dower out of the said hereditaments”.

    1878 Theophulis Pearson becomes Mayor

    Derbyshire Times Wednesday 2nd October 1878
    ASSAULT AT WHITTINGTON MOOR.- Betsy Smithard, summoned Ellen Neale, for assaulting her at Newbold, on Monday morning Sept. 23rd.- Both complainant & defendant are employed by Mr. Theo. Pearson at his potteries on Whittington Moor, & during the time allowed for breakfast it seems that defendant accused defendant of being in company of her (defendant’s) husband several times during the previous Saturday afternoon & night, after which it was alleged a blow was struck by the defendant, Ellen Neale. Several witnesses were called for both sides & the magistrates dismissed the case.
    TRESPASSING IN PURSUIT OF GAME.- Theo. Pearson, charged Geo. Hardy, & Geo. Hunter, with trespassing in pursuit of game at Whittington on the evening of September 17th.- Mr Pearson had previously requested them not to go on to his land, but he (Mr. Pearson) had lately been annoyed more than ever by this party. They were seen about 100 yards off the footpath going up the hedge-side each defendant having a dog; eventually a rabbit was “put up” & one of the dogs caught & killed it.- Mr. Cutts who appeared for the defence contended that both defendants were on the footpath, & the dogs seeing a rabbit, followed it & killed it before they could be called back. A man who lives near the field was called for the prosecution, & he stated he saw defendants in the field mentioned quite 100 yards from the path, beating the hedge, & when the dog which had killed the rabbit came up the field with it, he got hold of the rabbit & showed it to Mr Pearson.- The bench imposed a penalty of 5s & costs.

    1879 White’s Directory: Earthenware Manufacturers: James Pearson. Whittington Moor, also blacksmith, wheelwright & colliery owner.

    23rd February 1881 James Jervis Pearson’s youngest son, Arthur Glossop Pearson reached 21yrs.
    This is when the terms of James Jervis Pearson’s Will should come into affect. A valuation of the estate should be made & James’ 4 children & his brother Theo. should receive shares in the estate.
    James’ daughter Kate should get 4 sixteenths, & his sons James, Johnson & Arthur & brother Theo. should get 3 sixteenths each.

    21st July 1881 Voluntary conveyance from the children of James Pearson to their uncle Theophilus Pearson.
    After the children had looked at the books & accounts they found that at the time of the death of their father James Jervis Pearson there were many debts & mortgages. Theo. had paid the debts, had given up his own business to manage James’ business, conformed to the terms of the Will & had taken care of the children at his own cost & trouble, & it was thought that because of Theo’s. skill as a business man that there was a business at all. In consideration of all that the 4 children released Theo. from any right, claim or interest they had in the business & trades.


    22nd July 1881 Theo. Pearson pays off debts to Henry Jubb for freehold & Leasehold land messuages & premises at Whittington Moor & Newbold Moor. [from the agreement of 1st April 1845 between Henry Jubb’s father William Jubb & Catherine Johnson & James Jervis Pearson]

    1881 Census: Abercrombie Street, Chesterfield. Theophilus Pearson, Brick Stone Bottle Manufacturer & coal owner Employing 124 men. With him is his wife Elizabeth; & son Theophilus, General Assistant at Pottery; son Tom, Chemist’s Assistant; daughter Annie J.; nephew James, Manager at Pottery, nephew Johnson, Civil Engineer; nephew Arthur G., Assistant at Works; & niece Kate.

    Derbyshire Times Saturday 19th November 1881
    Mr Johnson Pearson, of Abercrombie Street, Chesterfield, has just recently passed his examination at Derby, and obtained a certificate as a colliery manager.”

    Between 1881-1883 James Pearson commenced an action against Theo. Pearson for the purpose of having the voluntary conveyance of 1881 set aside and the trusts of the will carried into execution i.e. he wanted his share of the business after all - three sixteenths. He thought his uncle had spent money he wasn’t entitled to.

    10th July 1883. This goes back to James Jervis Pearson’s Will. Theo. Pearson executed a declaration of trust expressed to be supplemental to the voluntary conveyance whereby he constituted himself a trustee of three equal undivided 16th parts of the hereditaments, businesses, estates and premises, comprised in the voluntary conveyance for the defendant under the trusts of the will. On the same day he commenced an action against James Pearson and his brothers and sister (against whom proceedings were discontinued on their disclaimer of any interest).

    14th July 1883 Theo. discontinues action against Kate, Johnson & Arthur Pearson after they affirm they consented & consent to Theo. having any assets, that were held in trust for them, as gifts.

    Derbyshire Times Saturday 28th July 1883 Theophilus Pearson v. James Pearson “ A CHESTERFIELD POTTERY CASE
    In the High Court of Justice, Chancery Division, on Thursday, before Mr. Justice Kay, Mr Hastings, Q.C. on behalf of the plaintiff, moved for the appointment of a receiver and manager of a pottery business carried on near Chesterfield. The parties were partners, the plaintiff holding thirteen-sixteenths of the business, whilst the defendant only held three-sixteenths, and as the business was not so profitable now as formerly, owing to a variety of circumstances, the plaintiff was anxious to have a receiver appointed until some definite arrangement could be come to, plaintiff being willing for a dissolution of partnership to take place
    Mr Joseph Saunders [sic] who had been in the employment of the firm for over 25years was appointed interim receiver & manager. No decision about the dissolution of the partnership was made.

    Derbyshire Times Saturday 24th November 1883 James Pearson v. Theophilus Pearson
    In the High Court, Chancery Division, London, before Mr Justice Kay, Mr W. Pearson Q.C. & Mr Baker was for the plaintiff, James Pearson, & Mr Graham Hastings Q.C. & Mr Mulligan for the defendant, Theophilus Pearson, to decide a permanent receiver & manager.
    Mr Pearson, Q.C., stated that James Pearson, who had carried on business as a potter, died leaving 4 children, & two actions were pending bearing on the administration of the estate which included a brickyard & land at Brampton. Joseph Sanderson [sic] was appointed interim manager & receiver. James Pearson thought Mr Sanderson was not the proper man as he was employed at the works, & he allowed all letters to go to the house of the defendant, Theophilus Pearson. He asked for the appointment of Mr Septimus Short, accountant, as manager.
    Action was denied as it was thought any stranger acting as manager might seem to imply financial difficulty in the business, & might cause it harm. Mr Sanderson was appointed manager.

    Derbyshire Times Saturday February 23rd 1884 James Pearson v. Theophilus Pearson
    Before Mr Justice Kay on Friday. Mr Baker, on behalf of the plaintiff, James Pearson, applied for an order to be made for inquiries into the books & accounts of Theophilus Pearson. The defendant’s father, James Jervis Pearson, died in 1864 and by his directions left his brother Theophilus Pearson to carry on the business until 1881 when the youngest child came of age. The Plaintiff, James Pearson, & the other children then made a deed of gift of the business to the defendant, & also gave him release from the trust.
    From certain facts which had come to the knowledge of Plaintiff he now wished to set aside that deed. He alleged since the death of the testator the defendant has made use of money for himself far beyond what he was entitled to, & plaintiff wanted the Court to order enquiries, to enable him to prove allegations. The other children, however confirmed the deeds of gift & release.
    Justice Kay said the deed was binding until it was shown otherwise. The testator’s estate was not sufficient to pay the debts & the business had been the creation of Theophilus Pearson. The applicant must establish breach of trust, he could not order any enquiry.

    27th March 1884 Agreement made between Theophilus Pearson & James Pearson
    In the Matter of the Estate of James Jervis Pearson, deceased. Order of Consent.
    * As Theophilus Pearson had already paid James Pearson £500 for his shares in the business he would now pay him £1,500 to total the £2,000 made in an agreement between the two parties.
    * James releases Theo. from all claims he had on the business & properties.
    * Theo. indemnifies James against all existing liabilities.
    * Nothing in the agreement “shall be deemed to restrict or prevent the said James Pearson from carrying on and exercising the trade or business of potter or earthenware manufacturer or any other business at such a place as he may think fit and under the name of ‘James Pearson’”
    * Theophilus Pearson will discontinue carrying on business under the name of ‘James Pearson’ & will send out a circular telling customers on or before the 3rd April 1884.
    * All letters addressed to James Pearson ‘Chesterfield’ or ‘Whittington Moor’ shall for a period of two months be sent to Theo. Pearson; & after then to James Pearson.
    * The completion of the purchase should take place on the 17th April 1884 & if delayed interest will be paid.
    * Each party pay their own costs; & James Pearson will not pay any part of the costs for having a receiver & manager.
    * Joseph Sanderson, the receiver & manager, appointed 23rd November 1883 will be discharged.

    1884 James Pearson tried to buy the Beehive Pottery at Brampton: Derbyshire Times 14th March 1885 Chesterfield County Court: Pearson v. Glossop: “…..Mr Gosling, owner of the Beehive Pottery, Brampton said that last year [1884] plaintiff [James Pearson] was in negotiation with him for purchasing the pottery but the negotiations fell through…..”

    Mr Mulligan, for the plaintiff, Theophilus Pearson, stated it had been arranged that James Pearson sold his share of the business for £2,000 to his uncle, & the consent of the Court was asked to the stay of all further proceedings in the action. Consent given.

    Derbyshire Times Wednesday April 23rd 1884 Summary
    HIGH COURT, CHANCERY DIVISION Theo. Pearson v. James Pearson
    Mr Robinson Q.C. & Mr Mulligan for the Plaintiff, Theophilus Pearson & Mr Graham Hastings Q.C. & Mr Baker for the defendant, James Pearson. Mr Robinson said there was an interim injunction that had expired that day which he wanted to extend until the next hearing of Thursday week. His clerk had made a mistake in dates. The motion was to restrain James Pearson from soliciting certain customers of the old firm of ‘James Pearson’ of Whittington Moor Pottery, & of opening letters addressed to either ‘James Pearson’ Whittington Moor, Chesterfield or ‘James Pearson’ Chesterfield.
    The Order was extended but Mr Robinson was to pay the costs because of the mistake.

    Derbyshire Times Saturday 3rd May 1884 PEARSON v. PEARSON Summary 2 motions
    Before Mr. Justice Kay in the Chancery Division of the High Court two motions.
    One was on behalf of James Pearson, of Brampton, to ask that ‘Theophilus Pearson be restrained from sending by post or otherwise issuing or circulating a letter or circular signed Theo. Pearson, dated April, 1884, or any other letter or circular containing an untrue representation of the proceedings in this action which took place in this Court on the 9th day of April, 1884, and that he may be committed to prison for contempt of this Hon. Court in writing & circulating the circular etc’ Mr Hastings Q.C. was for James Pearson.
    The other motion was on behalf of Theophilus Pearson, of the potteries, Whittington Moor, Chesterfield, to restrain James Pearson from opening letters addressed to the Whittington Moor firm, and from soliciting the customers of the said business. Mr Robinson Q.C. was for Theophilus Pearson.
    Mr Hastings produced several affidavits to prove that the issuing of the circular, by Theo. Pearson, was calculated to do James Pearson irreparably injury, & that when the ‘ex parte’ order was earlier obtained his Lordship expressly intimated that no such circular should be issued. As Theo. had not represented what had happened in Court fairly in the circular it was impossible to tell how many people who had read the circular then resolved not to send any more orders to James Pearson & had gone elsewhere.
    Mr Justice Kay said that the course adopted by Theo. Pearson was highly improper.
    Mr Robinson said that when ‘ex parte’ injunctions were obtained then circulars should not be sent round, but before the Court decided he must ask His Lordship to hear the other side. Mr Robinson said that James Pearson had agreed that for 2 months after he had left the firm that all letters to the firm were to go to Theo. Pearson. He gave dates of when letters were allegedly received by James Pearson that should have been delivered to Theo. Pearson; & also told of a letter Theo. Pearson had posted from Liverpool which James Pearson received.
    He said now they were complaining of a circular sent round by James Pearson to customers of the firm stating that his connection with the firm had ceased after having connection with the management of the firm for fifteen years, and that, “he had commenced business on his own account; and having every requisite appliance he did not hesitate to solicit a continuance of the favours granted to the late firm, and hoped that the great attention which had secured their support in the past might continue to be exerted on their behalf in the future”. The circular was sent round within a month of James Pearson selling his interests in the firm. Attached to the complaint but not specifically stated was the fact that James Pearson had taken a large quantity of letter paper & envelopes from the old firm which he used to send to customers - the only difference was that he had put a line through ‘Whittington Moor’. Mr Hastings then read an affidavit by James Pearson saying the letter from Liverpool was sent to entrap him & he returned it to the post office & all the letters addressed to him during the two months in dispute were kept at the post office in a box. There was also an affidavit by Mr G.E. Whomersley, a post office official of Chesterfield who said that James Pearson had called in & rented a box for all letters addressed to ‘James Pearson’ be put in.
    Mr Justice Kay said that James Pearson had shown all the letters he said he received & that there was no breach of the interim injunction. He found that the motion claiming James Pearson had received letters was “not true” & had been “absolutely disproved”.
    Mr Robinson then said that part of the motion was not as important as the solicitation by James Pearson of the customers of the old firm. The circular Theo. Pearson sent out was not contempt of Court. He had acted under very great provocation. Mr Robinson said Theo. would not do it again & would pay the costs & apologise to the Court.
    Mr Justice Kay said that part of the agreement included, “Nothing in this agreement shall be deemed to restrict or prevent James Pearson carrying on or exercising the business of pottery and earthenware manufacturer at such place as he think fit and in the name of James Pearson. Theophilus shall forthwith cease to carry on the business under the name of James Pearson”. The question was if James Pearson had the right to solicit customers in the form of the circular. After consideration of other law cases he granted an Injunction, “restraining the further issuing of the circular, and to that Injunction he would add these words - “also to prevent him (James Pearson) from applying to any person who was a customer of the old firm prior to the date of this agreement March 27th, 1882, privately, by letter, personally, by correspondent, or by traveller, asking such customer to continue to have dealings with the defendant or not to deal with the plaintiff”.
    Derby Mercury 16th July 1884
    An Appeal made so that James Pearson could solicit privately, personally or by traveller customers that were previously customers of his uncle; & could also send out circulars for his business - although he was not appealing against the restraining of the circular he had previously sent out.
    Previous Judgement overturned & James Pearson was given permission.

    In 1884 James Pearson Bought the Oldfield Pottery after he left the Whittington Moor branch.
    TM - Est. 1884 Messrs. James Pearson Ltd, Brampton, Chesterfield.

    Derbyshire Times Saturday 27th September 1884 Sale of John Oldfield’s Estate. Summarized.
    To be sold by public auction valuable freehold properties situated at Palterton, Walton & Brampton, all in the County of Derby, by Mr. William Drabble Botham, at the Angel Hotel, Chesterfield, on Thursday the 9th October 1884, at 3 to 4 o’clock in the afternooon.
    LOT 1
    Stone built house & buildings, covered with tiles, & farm of arable & good grass land, situate at Palterton, Scarcliffe, Dbys., containing 53a 3r 20p or thereabouts, & let to James Farnsworth as a yearly tenant. One acre has been sold to the Midland Railway Company. The minerals under about 2 acres of this property belong to His Grace the Duke of Devonshire. It is supposed the premises contains 5 beds of coal.
    LOT 2
    6 stone & brick built cottage houses covered with slate, situate on the road leading from Chesterfield to Matlock near the Blue Stoops Inn at Walton, containing 2090 square yards, & let to John Wheelhouse & others respectively at fortnightly, monthly & quarterly tenancies respectively.
    LOT 3
    6 stone & brick built cottage houses covered with tiles & slate. Also a cloggers shop, yard & gardens, leading from Chesterfield to Matlock, principally in Walton with a small part in Brampton, & let to Mathew Slack & others respectively as quarterly tenants.
    LOT 4
    2 stone built cottage houses & 1 brick built house with gardens, also stable boxes, shed, yard & outbuildings, cottage house & garden adjoining LOT 3. Right of footway to fetch water for cattle & other purposes from Walton Dam.
    LOT 5
    2 stone built cottage houses with gardens, also cottage house, stable, cattle shed & croft adjoining. Containing by measurement 1 acre & 6 perches.
    LOT 6
    Brick dwelling house, smith’s shop, yard & premises adjoining LOT 7, & situate on the north side of the main road from Chesterfield to Chatsworth in Brampton. This property is let on lease to Frederick Clarke, from 25th September 1872, for 21years at a yearly rent of £21.
    LOT 7
    Building land & joiner’s shop adjoining LOT 6 , situate on the north side of the main road from Chesterfield to Chatsworth, at the corner formed by the junction with the Old Hall Road at Brampton. Containing 4316 square yards & well situated for building. It is let to Francis Elliott & Henry Graham as yearly tenants.
    LOT 8
    Field of grass land, colliery ground & spoil bank situate in Brampton, containing admeasurement of 6 acres 2 roods & 22 perches; & let to Francis Elliott as a yearly tenant.
    LOT 9
    “Brampton Museum” built of brick with slate roof situate on the north side of the main road from Chesterfield to Chatsworth, at Brampton, containing admeasurement of 140 square yards. This property is let by subscription at a half yearly tenancy.
    LOT 10
    3 fields of grass land, together with Mines & minerals thereunder situate near Walton Dam in Chesterfield, containing admeasurement of 16 acres & 17 perches, in occupation of the vendors.
    LOT 11
    Stone built villa residence covered with slate, with out premises. Lawn, kitchen gardens, vineries, orchard well stocked with fruit trees & croft. Excellent grass land. Situated on the east side of the road leading from Chesterfield to Matlock, in Walton. Within 2 minutes walk of the terminus of the Tramway from Chesterfield to Brampton, & known as ‘Walton Grove’. The entire premises contain 4a 0r 16p & are in the occupation of the vendors. All coal & mining rights are reserved.
    LOT 12
    All those pottery kiln ovens, offices, outbuildings, shed, warehouses, yards etc situate at the junction of the main road leading from Chesterfield to Chatsworth, & the main road leading from Chesterfield to Matlock, with an extensive frontage to the Chesterfield & Chatsworth road in Brampton, containing an admeasurement 1 acre & 33 perches. A successful earthenware manufactory business has been carried on continuously on the above premises for nearly 100 years. The Midland Railway have a siding within 5 minutes of this place. The premises are in the occupation of the vendors, & are sold as a going concern, the business be carried on under the direction of the Court.
    Particulars & conditions of Sale may be obtained in London of Messrs. Chester Mayhew, Broome & Griffiths, 11 Staple Inn, W.C.; Messrs Ullithorne, Currey & Villiers, 1 Field Court, Gray’s Inn, W.C.; Messrs Pilgrim & Phillips, 19 Coleman Street, E.C., & of Mr W.H. Holcombe, Gray’s Inn Chambers, 20 High Holbourne W.C.; & in the County, of Mr John Bunting, of Chesterfield; Messrs Watson, Esam & Barber, of Sheffield; Mr T.E. Jones of Manchester; of the Auctioneer at the place of sale; & of
    Messrs. Black & Marshall,
    Solicitors, Chesterfield

    Products: Oldfield Pottery: Jewitt’s ‘Ceramic Art of Great Britain’ 1800-1900
    Brown ware: dishes & bowls of various kinds; turtle, beef, butter, Dutch, stew. Sauce & other pots; bottles & jars of all shapes & sizes; pitchers & jugs in all shapes & sizes; churns; milkpans & pancheons; tea & coffee pots; Welsh trays; carriage & feet warmers; hare-pins & dog-troughs; spirit & wine barrels & kegs; figured flower pots & stands; scent jars; ‘hunting’, ‘cottage’, ‘tulip’ & other figured jugs & mugs, etc. of “great beauty & of excellent design”; & other articles.

    James later bought the London Pottery & linked these 2 by a railway line.
    See ‘Oldfield Pottery’ & ‘London Pottery’ threads for other details of potteries

    26th November 1884 James releases all his claims & rights to the businesses of Theo. as the balance of the £2,000 plus £30 interest was paid to him for his shares in the business. Theo. indemnifies James against all existing liabilities of the business.
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    17th February 1885 South Wingfield. James Pearson marries Harriett Helen Towlson, daughter of John TOWLSON

    Derbyshire Times 14th March 1885 Chesterfield County Court:
    James Pearson v. his uncle Thomas Glossop Summary
    An action brought by James Pearson, earthenware manufacturer, of Brampton, (for whom Mr Swaffield, solicitor appeared), to recover, from his uncle Thomas Glossop, moulder & designer, of Brampton of £15 2shillings, money lent at various times.
    A counter-claim by Thomas Glossop, (represented by Mr J. Middleton), for 26 weeks wages at £2 a week, rent of a cottage & value of a quantity of plaster, the total amount of the counter-claim being £55 12shillings.
    In March 1883 James Pearson was interested in a pottery at Whittington Moor where Thomas Glossop worked. In that month, however, James Pearson left the business with the intention of taking a pottery at Brampton. Thomas said he had left the Whittington pottery shortly afterwards, after 30 years.
    James Pearson supplied Thomas Glossop with plaster & ordered him to make moulds of the same pattern as the Whittington Moor pottery, as he was going to use them to make similar items at the Brampton pottery for the customers of the Whittington Moor one.
    If Thomas made the moulds he said James had told him he would pay him £2 a week wages.
    Thomas admitted he had borrowed £9 from James at one time & £8 at another time, but said the £8 was for 4 weeks wages.
    James Pearson was negotiating with Mr Gosling for the purchase of the Beehive Pottery, Brampton, but the negotiations fell through.
    Thomas said he’d asked James if he should look for a fresh situation, but that James had told him, “No, go on, I shall need them sometime, and you are the only man who can make them”. That was April.
    Thomas was still working on the moulds in October when he went to see James. James had then told him that as the negotiations with Mr Gosling had fallen through Thomas should have known to stop making the moulds as his services were no longer required.
    The judge told the jury the question to consider was whether an agreement between James Pearson & Thomas Glossop had been entered into.
    After about 20 minutes the jury found a verdict for the plaintiff, James Pearson for the amount claimed of £15 2shilllings; & for the defendant on the counter claim for £5.

    Derbyshire Times Wednesday 5th August 1885 James Pearson: Fire Oldfield Pottery
    The previous Saturday about 3am a fire was reported at Oldfield Pottery: Sergeant Nicholls & some constables were despatched from Chesterfield with the curricle engine. Upon arriving they found nothing could be done except to prevent the fire spreading. They managed to do that & at 6am returned to Chesterfield.
    The building is known in the trade as the dry ware stove, in which were a number of pots in the process of drying before being burnt, and above this was a store room which contained a large quantity of pots and jugs. All these and the building in question were destroyed, and there now remains the bare walls and some charred beams. Fortunately the brigade were able to obtain a good supply of water from the main or the fire might have resulted much more seriously. We understand the property is insured but in what office we have been unable to ascertain.

    1st January 1886 Theo. Pearson Senr., Theo. Pearson Junr., Johnson Pearson & Arthur Glossop Pearson buy land in a sale: 209 square yards for £900.

    4th October 1886. The Newbold & Dunston Board sold ‘surface’ land [in pink] containing 38 ½ perches or thereabouts, to Theophilus Pearson the elder, Theophilus Pearson the younger, Johnson Pearson & Arthur Glossop Pearson, of Pearson & Co., for £100. The minerals underneath the land belonged to the Sheepbridge Coal & Iron Company.


    22nd May 1887 at Chesterfield. Theophilus Pearson dies.

    Derbyshire Times Saturday May 28th 1887 Death of Theophilus Pearson
    Theophilus Pearson died last Sunday, suddenly, at his residence in Abercrombie Street, Chesterfield. He had for many years been an acute sufferer from chronic asthma, & had of late had to discontinue his practice of walking down to his business & be driven there. He rose on Sunday, part dressed himself, went downstairs for a cup of tea, took one to his wife, had a cold sponge bath & lay down on the bed where, after not long, died. Death is attributed to cerebral apoplexy.
    Mr Pearson was a Unitarian, being one of the Trustees of the Elder Yard, Unitarian Chapel, Chesterfield. He was head of the firm Messrs. Pearson & Co., earthenware manufacturers of Whittington Moor and Newbold & carried on a very extensive business. In 1875 he was elected a member of the Chesterfield Town Council & re-elected the following year but then did not offer himself for re-election because of his health; & in 1878-79 was Mayor. He was elected a member of the Chesterfield School Board in 1874 & re-elected in 1877 & 1880 but did not seek re-election after that. Amongst other offices he sat on the Chesterfield Board of Guardians as one of the Newbold Parish representatives.
    The funeral took place in the burial ground attached to the Unitarian Chapel, Chesterfield on Wednesday afternoon. The Rev. J.S. Smith of Mansfield, formerly pastor at the Chapel, & a friend of Theo’s performed the ceremony.
    Several members of the Town Council were present as well as representatives of other public bodies & institutions. The majority of work people, both male & female, at the Whittington and Newbold Potteries were present, several bearing wreaths.
    The coffin which was of unpolished oak with brass mountings had been made by the carpenters employed on the works and was covered in flowers. The following workmen of the deceased acted as bearers: C. Neal, S. Kay, C. Lee, G. Chambers, J. Madin, J. Pointon, T. Cook, W. Beavers & R. Headley.
    In the carriage preceding the hearse were Mr. Short, Mr W. Herring & Mr Herring jun. In the carriages following the hearse were: First carriage, Mrs Pearson, Mr. Theo. Pearson, Miss K. Pearson, Mr Tom Pearson; second carriage, Miss A. Pearson, Mr Johnson Pearson, Mr Arthur Pearson & Mr Frank Pearson; third carriage, Mrs. L. Hemming, Mr. Tom Heath, (London), Mrs G. Glossop, Mr. G. Glossop, (Bakewell); fifth [sic] carriage, Mr. R. W. Proctor, Mr Bradshaw, Mr Joseph Sanderson, Mr S. Higginbottom; Mrs Swanwick’s carriage brought up the rear of the funeral cortege. Mr James Pearson, nephew of the deceased, was also present at the funeral. There were no less than 24 wreaths, two crosses & five bouquets of flowers.
    Messrs. Everard and Short efficiently managed the funeral arrangements, and Mr. Paulson furnished the carriages.

    Theo’s. will was made 6th July 1883 & proved 28th June 1888 when it stated the value of his estate was £8,385.12.11. It was re-sworn in August 1888 at the value of £9,135.12.11.

    His wife Elizabeth is bequeathed his household furniture, books etc & the money from his life insurance policy.
    He requests a valuation of his businesses of Earthenware Manufacturer, Colliery Owner, Carpenter & Joiner, Blacksmith, Brick maker & Farmer.
    After the payment of any debts he leaves one half of the amount of the valuation to be divided into tenths; his wife Elizabeth - 3 tenths, niece Kate Pearson - 2 tenths, daughter Annie Jervis Pearson - 2 tenths, nephew Johnson Pearson - 1 tenth, sons Tom Pearson - 1 tenth & Frank Bernard Pearson - 1 tenth. The amounts being paid from 3 years after his death; & they will be paid £5 per centum per annum on their respective shares. He goes on to say what will happen if his wife dies or the women get married.
    He leaves the businesses themselves, [Potteries, Colliery, Brick Making, Carpentry & Joinery & Farming to his son Theophilus & nephew Arthur Glossop in equal shares. One of them cannot withdraw from the businesses without the consent of the other; & if the one who wants to leave has the other man’s consent then the other man will be allowed to buy the shares & at the price of the last stocktaking prior to the man wishing to leave. Interest will be paid of £5 per centum per annum until the total payment is made. If one of them doesn’t comply with the terms of the will or dies then the other man gets his share too.
    Theo’s. wife Elizabeth, nephew Johnson & son Theo. Are Trustees & Executors.
    Witnesses are Joseph Sanderson, Pottery Manager & Traveller, of Newbold Moor; & William Herring Junr. Joiner & Wheelwright of Newbold Moor.

    Derbyshire Times Saturday 2nd July 1887
    WANTED a number of YOUTHS, (over 18 years of age), to make jars, night shift from 6pm to 5.30 am; no previous knowledge required, piece work.
    Apply to James Pearson, pottery, Brampton.

    Derbyshire Times Wednesday 30th May 1888
    GRAVEL for GARDEN WALKS, a supply of Clean Sharp Gravel always on hand at Pearson’s Pottery, near Tram Terminus, Brampton. Price 1s 6d per ton.

    James Pearson bought the London Pottery & linked it to the Oldfield Pottery by a railway line.
    The Pottery was later taken over by Messrs. Robinson & Sons who used then as a warehouse for their Walton Works.

    Derbyshire Times 27th October 1888
    The well-known FREEHOLD FILTER WORKS and POTTERY belonging to Frederick Liposome & Co., of 233, Strand, London, and situate at Brampton, near Chesterfield, Derbyshire.
    The property consists of the Works and Three Acres of Land, Rich in Clay.
    The Firm, for many years, have Manufactured at these Works their Stone Ware, Filters, and General Bristol Ware; in addition to which the celebrated Chesterfield Brown and stone Ware can, if desired, be made.
    The district is rich in suitable Clay, with which Coal can be obtained, comparing favourably with other districts.
    An arrangement can be made to take over the Wholesale Filter and Pottery connection of the firm.
    Apply for further particulars, to
    Estate Agent,
    1 St. James’ Street, Sheffield

    Products: London Pottery:
    Water filters in all sizes, brown ware & stone ware. After being taken over by James Pearson they made salt glazed earthenware & Bristol glazed earthenware also.
    See ‘London Pottery’ thread for other details of Pottery

    1889: Johnson Pearson of Stonegravels, Chesterfield was 1st elected Alderman for the Derbyshire County Council; he was also on the County Education Committee.

    1891 Census: 24 Abercrombie Street, Chesterfield. Theo’s. widow Elizabeth Pearson has with her, her son Theophilus, Earthenware manufacturer; daughter Annie; nephew Johnson, Mining Engineer & nephew Arthur, Earthenware Manufacturer.
    1891 Census: Elizabeth’s son Tom has left the Pottery business to become a Dispenser for a Chemist.
    1891 Census: Elizabeth’s son Frank has left the Pottery business to become a vet.
    1891 Census: Manor House, Old Hall Road, Brampton. James Pearson, Earthenware Manufacturer.

    12th September 1891 St. Thomas, Brampton, Chesterfield
    Johnson Pearson, 33, Mining Engineer, Abercrombie Street, Chesterfield, F: James Jervis Pearson, Potter
    Mary Staley Robinson, 35, Field House, Brampton, F: William Bradbury Robinson, Manufacturer
    Wit: William Bradbury Robinson; Mary Ann Wain

    7th December 1891 Theophilus Pearson, Johnson Pearson & Arthur Glossop Pearson, i.e. Whittington Moor Potteries, bought 4,300 square Yards of ‘surface’ land from the local board of the District of Newbold & Dunston for £330 5shillings. The mines & minerals below the ground belonged to the Sheepbridge Coal & Iron Co. Ltd. If through obtaining the minerals the Sheepbridge Co. damage the surface ground or buildings or anything on the surface then they would have to pay reasonable damages.


    Derbyshire Times Saturday 18th February 1893 Advertisement [Frank B. Pearson]
    “ (A Card)
    Telephone No. 164”

    Frank B. Pearson studied under Professor Williams, Principal of the New Veterinary College, Edinburgh

    10th April 1893 Grant of a licence by John Parsons to James Pearson to maintain a private railway in Brampton. [Pearson & Co., Title Deeds Ref. No. D2733/4/3]

    Derby Daily Telegraph 8th May 1895 NEW MAGISTRATES FOR THE COUNTY.
    At an adjourned Court of Quarter Sessions, held at the County Hall, Derby, this (Wednesday) afternoon, Mr J.E. Barker Q.C., presiding, the following gentlemen took the oath and qualified as magistrates for the county:-
    Mr Johnson Pearson (Whittington)

    The Derbyshire Times Saturday 1st June 1895 Summary [James Pearson]
    A case under the Factory Act was heard at the Chesterfield Borough Court on Thursday. The prosecutor was Commander Smith, H.M.L., of Sheffield & the defendant Mr. James Pearson, Oldfield Pottery owner Brampton. The case was heard by Ald. Dr George Booth and Mr. James Haslam.
    The charge was that Mr. Pearson committed a breach of the 3rd section of the Factory & Workshops Act 1878, by employing three young persons, Charles Mason, Leonard Walker & Winfield Turner, after hours during which they could be engaged at the pottery.
    On a Saturday the boys should be employed from 6 or 7 in the morning until 2o’clock in the afternoon. On Saturday 4th May assistant inspector Mr. F.J. Parkes, visited the pottery & the boys were working & it was passed 2pm.
    Mr. Pearson said his manager had told him the boys were making up for lost time because they had been idle & the stuff they were using would’ve been spoiled if they had left it.
    The bench fined Mr Pearson 1s & 12s 6d costs in each case.

    14th December 1896. Pearson & Co. purchased 5 cottages & out-buildings on Pottery Lane, Newbold; occupied by John Wilne, George Hubbins, James Denby, George Coupe & Wilmot; containing 20 perches, for £205, from the Moody estate. [in pink]


    1897 James Pearson was elected Mayor.

    12th October 1897 Indenture between Theophulis Pearson & Pearson & Co. [i.e. Theophulis Pearson, Johnson Pearson & Arthur Glossop Pearson], to buy lands at Whittington, admeasurement of 4,200 sq. yards, for the sum of £335. Theo. had bought the land from George Waterhouse on 24th August 1894.

    3rd May 1897 Leasehold, surface, Land, 2,463 sq. yards, had been bought from the Newbold & Dunston Urban District Council [the pink area] for £152 13 shillings & 4d by Pearsons. Pearsons also had to put up good fencing [along the brown area], have 2 gates, & keep the road, the width of 20 feet, in a state fit for traffic. The minerals underneath were sold to the Sheepbridge Iron Co.

    3rd May 1897 A section of leasehold land, [of a 99yr indenture], bought by Theophilus Pearson was going to be sold by the Newbold & Dunston Council. After the consent of the Local Government Board the land wasn’t sold but exchanged for a piece of freehold land the Pearsons owned. The blue part was the leasehold land, of 2,208 sq. yards, that was conveyed to Theo. & Arthur Glossop Pearson. The pink part was the land exchanged for it, of 2,199 sq. yards.

    Derbyshire Times Saturday 12th June 1897 Summary
    On Monday, Tuesday & Wednesday last, the members & friends connected with the Primitive Methodist Chapel at Whittington Moor, held an exhibition of arts & crafts in the Endowed Schools. The object of the exhibition was “to stimulate young people in the pursuit of healthy and useful occupations, to encourage educative methods of recreation amongst them, to provide instruction and entertainment for those who might visit them, and last, though not least, to raise funds towards the new schools which they hope to shortly build”. It was claimed a success. Pottery shown was from Mr. J. Pearson of Messrs. Pearson & Co.

    The Derbyshire Times Wednesday 19th October 1898
    Fire at a Whittington Moor Pottery
    An outbreak of fire was discovered about nine o’clock on Sunday morning at Messrs. Pearson’s pottery works in Pottery Lane, Whittington Moor. The roof timbering had become over-heated. Plenty of assistance being at hand a portion of the roof was cut away, and the burning part was isolated and speedily put out. The Imperial Fire Brigade from Chesterfield arrived on the scene after the flames had been subdued. The amount of damage is only slight.

    Products: Whittington Potteries: Manufactured earthenware known as the salt-glazed or Chesterfield brown. At one time employed 620 hands & the ‘Top’, ‘Bottom’ Potteries & adjoining brick works occupied 6 acres. The firm get their clay from their own clay pit at Wirkesworth & coal from their own coal-pit a ¼ of a mile from the Works.
    ‘An Illustrated Guide to Chesterfield’ c1899?

    Derbyshire Times Saturday 5th August 1899
    There were three summonses entered for Thursday’s Chesterfield Borough Court arising out of holidays taken after the Brampton wakes. Mr. James Pearson was the complainant, & the defendants were Walter Bower, of Alma Square; Thomas Wetton, of Prospect Street; & Clara Bennet, of Alma Square; who were summoned under the Employers & Workmen’s Act for having absented themselves from work without giving the customary seven days’ notice.
    The case of Clara Bennett was taken first, & Mr. Black, in the employ of Mr. Pearson, said that the defendant was employed by the Pottery up to June 30th. The Pottery then ceased work for Brampton wakes, & they had to stand for a week much against their wish. Bennett gave no notice & had not yet returned to work.
    In answer to the bench, Mr Black said if they dismissed a person at a moment’s notice unless it was for insubordination, they would pay a week’s wages.
    Mr James Haslam J.P.: Can you ever show that you have paid a week’s wages when a person has not worked for it & has been dismissed?
    Mr Black: I don’t think I can.
    Witness said that he could produce dozens of seven days notices received from employers.
    The Magistrates’ Clerk: You swear that is generally understood at the Pottery?
    Witness: I swear it.
    Bennett was fined 2s 6d & ordered to pay damages, 2s 6d, & costs, 2s.
    The bench intimated that in their opinion printed rules should be posted up in the Pottery showing what notice must be given on either side.
    Walter Bower was similarly dealt with, but the case against Wetton was withdrawn.
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    1900 -

    1st July 1900 Lease of the Tupton three-quarter seam of coal in Walton by E.A. Maynard to James Pearson. [Pearson & Co., Title Deeds Ref. No. D2733/4/4]

    Sheffield & Rotherham Independent Thursday 5th July 1900
    -A letter from the workmen employed at Pearson’s Pottery. Whittington Moor, was read, asking that gas lamps might be placed on Pottery Lane. It was decided to put down one lamp.

    Sheffield Daily Telegraph Thursday August 16th 1900
    A fall of “bind” occurred yesterday at a clay pit at Walton belonging to Mr. James Pearson, colliery owner and earthenware manufacturer, completely burying a man named Richard Buxton, aged 45, of Britannia Street, New Brampton. He died from suffocation.

    Derbyshire Times 1st December 1900
    Horseplay at a Whittington Moor Pottery. Summary
    Jars as Missiles.
    Horseplay took place at Whittington Moor Potteries on November 21st which culminated in Thomas Richard Bembridge (16) being charged on Saturday with assaulting Alice Boot. Boys were throwing pots around at girls. Alice Boot entered a room & got hit on her lip & nose with a one pound jar. Mary Ann Vardy (16) said the defendant was throwing a jar at Anne Robinson & he hit Alice by mistake. Defendant was fined 10s & costs.

    1901 Census: 9 Abercrombie Street, Chesterfield. Theo’s. widow Elizabeth Pearson has with her, her son Theophilus, Earthenware Manufacturer; nephew Arthur, Earthenware Manufacturer; daughter Annie & niece Kate.
    1901 Census: High Street, Whittington, Chesterfield. Johnson Pearson, Justice of the Peace, Employer.
    1901 Census: Manor House, Old Hall Road, Brampton. James Pearson, Earthenware Manufacturer, Employer.

    31st December 1901 Lease of Pottery clay at Walton Hall by Mrs F. Turbutt to James Pearson.
    [Pearson & Co., Title Deeds Ref. No. D2733/4/5

    Derbyshire Times Wednesday 28th May 1902
    Robert Lee was charged at the Chesterfield Sessions, on Saturday, with stealing 20lbs of coal, value 3d, the property of Messrs. Pearson & Co. Whittington Moor potteries, Chesterfield, on the 7th inst. Mr M. Bunting prosecuted on behalf of Messrs. Pearson & Co.
    Mr Bunting stated that defendant was a colliery banksman, & on the day in question he was engaged at Messrs. Pearson’s Pottery stacking coal. On the afternoon Pc. Vardy saw the defendant leaving work, & he noticed that his pockets were rather bulky. On searching him the constable found that defendant’s pockets were full of coal. Of course the value of the coal was very small, but as the practice was becoming very common, Messrs Pearson decided to have a stop put to it. That was the reason for the prosecution.
    Pc. Vardy gave evidence in support of Counsel’s statement.
    Defendant who pleaded guilty was fined 10s.

    Derbyshire Times Wednesday 17th September 1902
    STABLING Accommodation to Let, situate in Bobbin Mill Lane, Brampton; rent moderate.
    -Apply James Pearson, Oldfield Pottery, Chesterfield.

    1st November 1902 Tenancy agreements by James Pearson with Thomas Dodd & John Heath for land at Walton. [Pearson & Co., Title Deeds Ref. No. D2733/4/7/1-2]

    1903 James Pearson was elected Mayor.

    1st March 1903 Lease of Tupton coal & clay at Newbold to Pearson & Co. Whittington, for 30 years, from Lieut. Colonel John Edward Orange-Bromehead.

    Manchester Evening News Monday 13th April 1903
    An inquest was held at the Chesterfield Hospital on Saturday on the body of Kate Tatlow (16), pottery hand, employed at Pearson’s Pottery, Whittington Moor.
    Mary Baker, a clay ball maker, said the deceased, who had only been at the works five weeks, went into the loft on Thursday afternoon, and it was suggested she should have a ride round a revolving cupboard. The deceased had no right to get on the cupboard, & it was turned by a girl named Briggs. The deceased had no right to get in the cupboard & witness had never known anyone do it before. There was no machinery attached to the cupboard which was used to put moulds on.
    Priscilla Fisher, another pottery hand, saw the cupboard revolve, heard a bang & on looking saw the deceased fall from the top of the cupboard to the floor.
    Dr. Radcliffe said death resulted from fracture at the base of the skull & spine.
    A verdict of accidental death was returned.

    Sheffield Daily Telegraph Friday 16th December 1904
    On Wednesday a serious accident occurred to a man named Collins, who worked at the Pearson’s Potteries, Whittington Moor. Collins went to oil certain machinery, & the morning being very wet, he had a sack over his shoulders. The machinery caught the sack, & took the man round, & but for the promptitude of the engineman he would probably have been killed. As it was he sustained a broken arm, & an ugly scalp wound. He was removed to the Chesterfield Hospital.

    Friday 5th May 1905 James Pearson dies.

    The Derbyshire Courier Saturday May 13th 1905 Death of James Pearson 5th May
    The remains of the late Ald. James Pearson, who died on Friday after a short illness, were interred in the Churchyard at Old Brampton, on Monday last. The ceremony took place at three o‘clock…”
    “ In the streets of the Borough there were plenty of signs that a prominent citizen had passed away. At all the public buildings flags were flying at half mast high, and while the internment was proceeding shutters were up, and blinds were drawn at many places of business and private houses.
    The members of the Town Council met at the Municipal Hall and proceeded thence in carriages to the grounds at the Manor House, the residence of the deceased, where they awaited the cortege. The drive up to the house was lined with the work people from the Oldfield and the London Potteries.
    The funeral cortege left the Manor House shortly after two o‘clock. At the head of the long procession marched the Borough police force 80 strong….Behind this force the Town Crier bore the Corporation Mace draped in crape. Then followed a number of carriages conveying the Mayor and Corporation, borough officials, and representatives of the Gas and Water Board, Education Committee and the Magistracy. These were succeeded by ……the hearse containing the polished oaken coffin….then came five carriages containing the sorrowing widow, the relatives of the deceased, the principal officials at his works, medical attendant, and others in the following order:-
    1st carriage: Mrs Pearson, Ald. Johnson Pearson J.P. Mrs Tom Toulson, Mr A Toulson.
    2nd carriage: Mr Percy Toulson, Mr Oliver Toulson, Mr Frank Pearson & Mrs Frank Pearson.
    3rd carriage: Dr. Toulson and Dr. good fellow.
    4th carriage: Mr C. Black, Mr Holland, Mr Hudson (Leeds).
    5th carriage: Nurse Stringfellow, Nurse Gregory and the gardener.
    Then came the work people and these were succeeded by a number of private carriages, including those of Ald. Booth J.P., Dr. Shea J.P., Mr P.H. Chandler J.P. and Mr W. B. Robinson.

    James Pearson’s Will: Written on 15th February 1896; Witnesses were James Anderson Goodfellow, of 83 Old Road, Chesterfield, Physician & Surgeon & Elizabeth Ann Brooks of 83 Old Road, housekeeper; Sole Executor was his wife Harriet Helen Pearson; Probate 3rd July 1905 at Derby.
    James left everything to his wife Harriet Helen Pearson.


    Dr. Goodfellow ran the business for Helen & the children.

    Dr. Goodfellow experimented with iodine crystals & finding a way to create an iodized atmosphere to help people keep healthy. He did this by using porous stoneware as a diffuser.
    “……..Dr. Goodfellow succeeded in harnessing iodine ‘Natures germ killer’. This was done by packing solid iodine crystals into slightly porous pottery vessels, in the forms of lockets, buttons, broaches, candles and other forms, and it was in the production of these that the Pottery was employed. These ‘magic charms’ achieved tremendous publicity throughout the country during an outbreak of influenza, and the Pottery was working at that time at full pressure, to keep pace with the demand from home and abroad. These lockets were about 1” long and ¾” wide its section being oval, reminding one of a small scent bottle. These were hermetically sealed and part of their surface glazed, the iodine percolating through the unglazed areas at the rate of about a half to one grain per week, these lasted for about 3-6 months. The larger ‘candle’ or ‘mushroom’ type lasting for about a year.
    This latter type were fitted into Chesterfield Corporation Transport buses and into Chesterfield Cinemas Ltd”
    C. Jensen

    Even though the iodine part of the business kept the whole Pottery afloat for a time it wasn’t enough for it to keep going as it was. New management was put in but the Pottery needed a large input of cash which wasn’t available. There was also a downturn in the market for the type of goods the Pottery produced & other difficulties which led to the closure of the Pottery.


    2nd July 1906 Lease for 10years by Edward S P Burnell to Pearson & Co. of minerals at Hudcliffe Wood near Millhouses Station. [Pearson & Co., Title Deeds Ref. No. D2733/4/10]

    1907 in the district of Uppingham. Harriet Helen Pearson [nee Towlson], widow of James, married Dr. James Anderson Goodfellow

    18th June 1907 James Pearson’s business became a limited company .

    20th May 1908 Conveyance by Pearson & Co. to Derbyshire County Council of a piece of land in Nelson Street, Whittington Moor. [Pearson & Co., Title Deeds Ref. No. D2733/4/14]

    30th July 1908 Grant by Pearson & Co. to F.W. Maddox of a licence to sell screw top jars. [Pearson & Co., Title Deeds]

    3rd November 1909 Contract for sale of land in Walton by Captain Philip Hunloke to James Pearson Ltd. [Pearson & Co., Title Deeds]

    28th September 1910 Agreement between James Pearson Ltd. & John Henry Bestwick for lease of fields adjoining London Pottery. [Pearson & Co., Title Deeds]

    1911 Census: Pine Tree Bank, 9 Abercrombie Street, Chesterfield. Theo’s. widow Elizabeth has with her, her son Theo., Potter Stoneware, Employer; nephew Arthur, Potter Stoneware, Employer; her daughter Annie; niece Kate & G. Daughter Gertrude Kitty Pearson.
    1911 Census: Fern House, 97 Sheffield Rd., Johnson Pearson. Pottery Manufacturer & Colliery Manager.
    1911 Census: Grove House, Ashover. Harriet Helen Pearson [nee Towlson] widow of James, has re-married to Dr. J.A. Goodfellow. He gives his occupation of Medical Practitioner, Own Account.

    1911 & 1914: Dressler tunnel kilns were installed at the Whittington Moor pottery - fuelled by the firm’s own gas plant. This enabled continuous production of earthenware. The kilns were named ‘Mauritania’ & ‘Lucitania’.

    13th October 1911 Agreement between James Pearson Ltd. & Robinson & Sons Ltd concerning railway siding [Pearson & Co., Title Deeds]

    1912 Kelly’s Directory: James Pearson Ltd. Earthenware manufacturers, Oldfield & London Potteries, New Brampton & Colliery Proprietors, Chatsworth Road.

    30th January 1914 Valuation of 2 houses & a stable on School Rd. Whittington, of 2100 yards; on behalf of Theo. Pearson Esq. of The Potteries, Whittington; value £435.

    1916 Information for the Ministry of Munitions of War.

    These lists do NOT contain all the information taken. Details have been left out. The whole lists can be seen at Matlock Records Office, or in a few weeks time at the Local Studies Dept. at the Chesterfield Library. I have only written the basic details.

    Information for the Ministry of Munitions of War.
    James Pearson Ltd. Oldfield & London Potteries, Brampton;
    Register of all Male Employees over 16 years of age.

    Yr. Emp. Occupation Emp.
    Surname Initial Address Age Status Began or usually emp.

    Black C. Walton Fields House C’field 51 Marr. 1889 Managing Director / General Manager Skilled

    Wood G.R. 119 Old Hall Rd. C’field 28 Sing. 1913 Secretary & Cashier Skilled


    Information for the Ministry of Munitions of War.
    James Pearson Ltd. Brampton Colliery - Walton District & Brampton Colliery.
    Register of all Male Employees over 16 years of age.


    9th August 1917 Agreement between James Pearson Ltd and Samuel Eyre for the lease of land adjoining Oldfield Pottery for use as a poultry run. [Pearson & Co., Title Deeds]

    11th September 1918 Lease of coal near Barlow by Henry John Brinsley, Duke of Rutland to Pearson & Co, with correspondence. [Pearson & Co., Title Deeds]

    Derby Daily Telegraph Wednesday 26th March 1919
    The annual meeting of the Derbyshire Education Committee was held at the County Offices, St. Mary’s-gate, Derby, this (Tuesday) afternoon, when Ald. Johnson Pearson was unanimously re-elected chairman for the ensuing year, and Ald. Mortimer Wilson vice-chairman.
    Ald. James Oakes, in proposing the re-election of Ald. Johnson Pearson, said he did not think anyone at present on the committee could tell them as well as he (the speaker) could how much Ald. Pearson had done for educational work in the county.
    The work began in the year 1894, when technical education was introduced to the county, and Ald. Johnson Pearson and himself were the only two original members of the Technical Education Committee, left on the committee at the present time.
    Since 1894 Ald. Johnson Pearson had been a great help & pillar of strength in the educational work of the county, & his services were of special value now the work was so increasing, & growing of still greater importance. It was most essential they should have a gentleman with such experience at the head of the committee (Hear, hear.)
    Mr Walker seconded the motion, which was unanimously carried, & the Ald. Johnson Pearson, returning thanks, said the thanks of the county were due to the committee & the staff for the admirable manner in which they had faced the numerous difficulties.
    On the motion of Mr Andrews, Ald. Mortimer Wilson was unanimously re-elected.

    24th September 1919 Agreement between James Pearson Ltd and George Bestwick for the lease of fields adjoining London Pottery. [Pearson & Co., Title Deeds]

    13th May 1920 Agreement between the Midland Railway Co and Pearson & Co for the construction of sidings on Nesfield branch. [Pearson & Co., Title Deeds]

    12th May 1922 Agreement between the British Thomson-Houston Co Ltd and Pearson & Co for tenancy of land at Newbold. [Pearson & Co., Title Deeds]

    1922 December ¼ District of Chesterfield. Theophilus Pearson married Violet Mary Short, second daughter of Samuel Edward Short, Accountant & Alderman.
    Theo. & Violet had no children. They lived at Red House, Stonegravels until Theo. died in 1959; & then Violet lived at 691 Brookside, Chesterfield until her death in 1961. Violet was a Director in Pearson & Co. (Chesterfield) Ltd. & for a time acted as a Welfare Officer for the employees.

    1922 Year Book & Directory: Addresses:
    Annie Jervis Pearson: 9 Abercrombie Street
    Tom Pearson: 13 Wheatbridge Road
    Johnson Pearson: Bull close, King Street. [1]
    93a Stonegravels. [2]
    Newbold. [3]

    21st October 1924 Agreement between James Pearson Ltd and Robinson & Sons Ltd for lease of shed near London Pottery, Chesterfield. [Pearson & Co., Title Deeds]

    Derby Daily Telegraph Tuesday 27th March 1928
    Ald. Johnson Pearson was again chosen as the chairman at the meeting of the Derbyshire Education Committee in Derby this afternoon. The Alderman remarked that he had been a chairman of another committee for over 20 years. A feature of their work was that no longer had they to deal with the child who did not wish to go to school. It used to be the case that they saw children being dragged to school every morning of the week. Now if there was any stopping away it was the fault of the parents. As everyone knew a willing student was very much better than an unwilling one.

    9th November 1928 Frederick Stanton Short is appointed as secretary at Pearson & Co. He is the brother of Violet Mary Short who married Theophilus Pearson in 1922.

    Derby Daily Telegraph Wednesday September 25th 1929 Sorry it’s not good.


    Alderman Johnson Pearson, of Chesterfield, who is the only surviving member of the Derbyshire County Council since its formation in 1889, was presented to-day with his portrait in oils. Picture shows, on left, the Duke of Devonshire, who made the presentation and, on the right Mr. Theo. Pearson, who accepted the portrait on behalf of his father, who is ill.

    Alderman Johnson Pearson, of Chesterfield, is the only surviving member of the Derbyshire County Council from its formation in 1889.
    His 40 years’ work was recognised by his fellow members to-day when he was presented with his portrait painted by the well-known Derby artist, Mr. Ernest Townsend.
    Alderman Pearson has interested himself mainly in the work of the Education and Highways Committees, and is chairman of both.
    His business life has been bound up with the fortunes of Pearson’s Potteries at Whittington Moor, near Chesterfield, and his success in the commercial world is not less than his success as a county leader.
    Among the visitors at the presentation were the Mayor of Derby (Councillor J. Fergusson Bell) and the second chairman of Quarter sessions (Mr. H.G. Nadin).
    Mr. Theo. Pearson represented Alderman Pearson and received from the Duke of Devonshire the gift for his father who was too unwell to attend.
    Alderman E.C. Barnes, the Chairman of the County Council, referred to the admiration, esteem, and affection in which members regarded Alderman Pearson. They all regretted that he was unable to attend to receive the gift which past and present members had combined to give him.
    Alderman the Duke of Devonshire handed over the gifts to Mr. Theo. Pearson, which consisted in addition to the chief portrait, which is to hang in the Council Chamber, a replica for Alderman Pearson and a book containing the names of the subscribers.
    The Duke mentioned that Alderman Pearson’s long career on the County Council was really a history of local self-government in this country.
    Not only was Alderman Pearson the only surviving member of the Council serving but he had charge of two of the most important committees on the Council.
    His devotion to the work had been most valuable and his guidance was appreciated by every member.
    “More and more work,” said the Duke, is being thrust on to County Councils and in this new work we shall hope still to have the help of Alderman Pearson.
    As an instance of a growth of the work of the County Council the Duke mentioned that in 1889 when the Council was formed, its expenditure on roads and bridges was £27,000. This years it will amount to £400,000.
    The Council also spent £940,000 on Education, and in control of the heavy work of these two committees, Alderman Pearson had rendered wonderful service to the county.
    Mr. Theo. Pearson replied for his father.
    Mr. Theo. Pearson said that as his father had always associated the house of Cavendish with service, he would value the gift handed to him by the head of the Cavendish house most highly, for the word service counted for a great deal in his ideals of life.

    Nottingham Evening Post Thursday 27th February 1930
    £2,000 Damage at Pottery Works.
    A disastrous fire broke out yesterday at the London Pottery, Goyt Side, Brampton, of Messrs. J. Pearson Ltd., Chesterfield, damage being done to the extent of £2,000. This was covered by insurance. When the borough brigade arrived the flames 20ft. high, were leaping into the air from a shed used as a warehouse and for packing purposes.
    The roof was a mass of flames, which burned with such fury that it was 2 hours before the fire was mastered.
    A second engine was sent for, and but for the effective work of the brigade the fire would have undoubtedly spread to the adjoining works. Two railway wagons, were damaged by the flames.
    A fireman, A.C. Abbott, had to be treated for a crushed foot.

    Products: Whittington Potteries: White & stone containers for jam & preserve manufacturers, white pudding basins, latex cups for the collecting of rubber; bottles of every size & description for acids, wines, spirits, herb beer, furniture cream, & cooking ware. ‘Commercial Chesterfield 1931’

    Derby Daily Telegraph Wednesday 8th April 1931 Death of Johnson Pearson
    Alderman Johnson Pearson, of Chesterfield, earthenware manufacturer & colliery proprietor, for 17 years vice-chairman of Derbyshire County Council, & for 12 years chairman of Derbyshire Education Committee who died on June 25 last, aged 72, left £56,260 10s 8d., with net personality £47,846 13s. 3d.
    Probate of the will has been granted to his son, Theophilus Pearson, of Red House, Stonegravels, Chesterfield, manufacturer, & Maynard Sandys Brodhurst, of West Bars, Chesterfield, solicitor.
    Mr Pearson left £400 a year for life to his cousin Annie Jervis Pearson. He stated, “I release to whomsoever are at the time of my death trustees of Whittington Moor Adult School, my one third or other share of and in a mortgage for £600 advanced to such trustees”.
    The residue of the property he left to his son, Theophilus Pearson.

    Derbyshire Times 28th May 1932
    “…..Private dwellings and large factories in the low-lying portions of Chesterfield all suffered, the ground floors being covered in a depth of several feet.”
    “…..In nearly every instance the flood had left its mark on the walls while the floors were covered with a mixture of gravel and slimy mud……..”
    “Pearson’s Potteries of Whittington Moor suffered considerably. Mr. Short, the secretary to the company …………said it was the worst flood they had ever experienced, and this was the second occasion within eight months that their premises had been flooded on the ground floors…..”
    “ the glazing and throwing departments revealed an almost chaotic state of affairs. The water had invaded the rooms to a depth of 4ft 3 inches and had left their departments like a shambles. Various articles of pottery which had been left on rows of long wooden racks, prior to being glazed and placed in the kilns were reduced to masses of thick oily clay. None of this could be salved, as the various colours of the ware of white, red and black, had all run into each other. There were hundreds of these articles ready for the kilns, and they are now totally destroyed. The pottery clay etc was inches thick on the floor while the boards or shelves on which the pots had been placed lay about the room in all sorts of positions and at all angles just as the storm waters had left them….Thirty-five sacks of plaster of Paris were destroyed.
    Both the TUNNEL KILNS WERE FLOODED; one to a depth of four feet, and the other to a depth of three feet. They were in use when the water entered, the temperature of the kilns, which are brought to a white heat, being 1,250 degrees Centigrade! There was a deafening hiss as the water gradually crept along the tunnels of the kilns, and the heat, which was slowly being pushed into a confined space was terrific. At one end a wooden crate floated slowly near the entrance to one of the tunnels, and this caught fire, the flames being quickly extinguished.
    Mr. Short said that it was 6.0am on Sunday when the day-shift were on duty that matters commenced looking ominous, and by 7.30am the water had crept inwards and onwards like a voracious serpent, to a depth of four feet. The pumps were kept working as long as possible, but these were of little avail against the hundreds of gallons of water which came rushing over the banks of the river shortly after 7.0 o’clock. “Your paper should raise an outcry about these rivers not being deep enough,” said Mr. Short indignantly. “That’s the whole trouble. The rivers are not deep enough to carry the water away, and the temporary bridges are more a hindrance than a help in times like these, but the authorities who control them won‘t do anything in the matter.
    Mr Short estimated that the river had risen 10 feet, and added that employees of the firm had noticed the carcases of pigs being carried swiftly down with the raging torrent of water.

    5th October 1934 G W M Rees is appointed as works manager at Pearson & Co.

    Derbyshire Evening Telegraph Monday December 3rd 1934 Politics
    An Election Surprise
    The Labour Party at Chesterfield has sprung a last minute surprise by forcing a contest for the seat on the Derbyshire County Council, vacant by the elevation of Mr. E. D. Swanwick to the aldermanic bench.
    A walk-over seemed certain for Mr. Theo. Pearson, of the firm Pearson & Co., pottery manufacturers, of Whittington, and the Chairman of the Management Committee of the Chesterfield Royal Hospital. His father, the late Alderman Johnson Pearson, was a prominent member of the County Council for many years.
    The Labour Party’s nominee is Mrs. Annie Wright. Her husband, Mr. Oliver Wright, is treasurer of the Derbyshire Miner’s Association, and is well known in the public life of Chesterfield.

    21st May 1937 Memorandum of Agreement between Pearson & Co. Whittington & Lewis T. Needham, for the yearly lease of farm land at Newbold, consisting of 7,837 acres, for £11:15:0.

    28th-29th April 1939 Agreement for purchase of the business of iodine manufacturers at Oldfield Pottery in Chesterfield between James Pearson Ltd and James Anderson Goodfellow, with deed of arrangement and release. [Pearson & Co., Title Deeds]

    Derby Evening Telegraph Tuesday May 2nd 1950 USED IODINE DIFFUSERS TO GIVE “SEA BREEZES”
    Dr. J.A. Goodfellow, of Chesterfield, who died yesterday at the age of 86, once declared that the deficiency of iodine was the world’s greatest handicap.
    After his retirement from medical practice he devoted himself to a study of iodine.
    It was claimed he succeeded in banishing the disfiguring disease of goitre from the people of North Derbyshire.
    Dr. Goodfellow introduced iodine in every possible way and lived to see the Government insist on all salt being iodised.
    A few years ago his suggestion that iodine diffusion should be placed in buses was taken up in Chesterfield.
    He paid for the installation of 300 iodine diffusers in Queen’s Park, Chesterfield, as a holidays-at-home gift to the Corporation, to give holiday-makers there the benefit of “sea breezes”.
    Dr. Goodfellow was also appointed medical Officer of Health for Brampton in 1890, 1892 & 1900.

    Derbyshire Times 11th September 1983
    New owner for Pearson’s Pottery, Whittington Moor. It was bought from the receiver for more than ½ million by Trevor Philips. The firm had been in the hands of the receiver for 9 months & the workforce had dwindled from 240 to 57. Mr Roberts lives in London & owns a group of companies in Kent specialising in optical components for scientific equipment but spends most of the working week in Chesterfield.
    From taking over Mr Roberts has taken on 12 extra adults & 6 youngsters on the Govt. Training Programme; & has also let space on the Pottery Lane site to people for their businesses. The firm is concentrating more on specialised lines whilst still making the traditional brown stoneware pots. New ranges include pub grub pottery, specially designed soup bowls for a national restaurant, Harrods with a range of cooking utensils & the Milk Marketing Board for 102,000 cheese containers for Stilton, made at Hartington, including other orders.
  5. lucygen

    lucygen Local

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    Products, Wares, Trademarks, Adverts:



    Pearson & Co., Whittington Pottery display of 1920’s-1930’s, wares at an exhibition in Sheffield.
  6. blink

    blink New Member

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    thats really interesting, do you go to the records office often? I want to go but am unsure what to expect, and being a bit odd, that makes it difficult for me to go there.

    is there any trace of the potteries now?
  7. tenag

    tenag Local

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    I am not interested in potteries but I do appreciate the tremendous amount of work you have done to produce a post like this - well done.
  8. lucygen

    lucygen Local

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    First the people I've met there are very friendly & welcoming to everyone. I flushed my locker key down the toilet once & they took it in their stride!
    They are going through re-furbishment at the moment so it's advisable to ring them & ask them them if you can see the documents to avoid disappointment. They're also not working at their usual building at the moment.

    This is a link to the Matlock records office. Take a look at the catalogue
    http://www.derbyshire.gov.uk/leisure/li ... efault.asp
  9. lucygen

    lucygen Local

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    Well, thank you! Praise indeed! :D

    The post isn't just about the potteries per sa. It has a bit about land, the Pearson genealogy & a snapshot of life around the potteries which could be dangerous.

    On a couple of websites it was said Catherine Johnson's Maiden name was 'Pearson' - I didn't find that, so that's put a cat amongst the pigeons!

    There are a few names of people c1916 who worked in the potteries & coal mines, which might be of interest to people interested in their own family history. As I have said I didn't copy ALL the details down so if people find a surname they are interested in they may find more info. when reading the original docs. at Matlock or Chesterfield. Other details include exemptions.

    The trade marks & wares might be of use to people who collect Pearson items.

    I will be giving copies of the documents I have, wills, indentures, etc to the Chesterfield Library so that other people interested in seeing the originals can do so without going to Matlock.

    They will also be able to read for themselves the Derbyshire Times items I've used.
  10. ChfldMuse

    ChfldMuse New Member

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    Respect! :thumbup:

    When I've got an hour or so I'm going to read this properly, but even from a brief skim I'm impressed.
  11. lucygen

    lucygen Local

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    Thank you. I've been in heaven sorting through old documents :love:
  12. blink

    blink New Member

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    thanks - i did email them a bit back and they were quite helpful. I just had visions of being sat at a small desk in a small room with someone at a counter glaring at me! I am looking for plans and details of scarsdale hall when it was actually open as a home, particularly 1900 - 1920
  13. lucygen

    lucygen Local

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    I suppose you've already tried the Chesterfield library? They may have some info. about it?

    I haven't been to Matlock since they've had to move temporarily to a different building - I'm not sure where they are right now. I've always found them very helpful & they get all sorts from different countries too.
    I think you may have to phone now to see if there's a place as they're in temp. place & it's not big. They may need more time to order out any docs. you want to look at too. You could have ordered docs. within a few hours but now I think it may stretch to a day before you want to look.

    Have you found anything in the catalogue that might help? If not then if you email them or phone them & just ask. If you think you may want copies ask if you'll either be able to photo them yourself or will someone else be able to photocopy them for you [I don't know if they charge if they do it for you though?]

    Have you tried the britishnewspapersonline? Their site is a bit of hit & miss but you might find an article?
  14. blink

    blink New Member

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    There is some information in the catalogue but not sure if its what im after, they were helpful when i emailed them and like you say, you have to order in advance now, 5 days i think.

    I havent tried the library either, never even occurred to me!

    I emailed english heritage today as they have some reports, they might let me see i suppose.

    I'll check out the newspapers again :)
  15. tenag

    tenag Local

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    Chesterfield has a brilliant Local Studies Library. Do look in the subject index because so much of the material is not on the open shelves. They also have a loan collection of books on local subjects. I use the library a lot
  16. lucygen

    lucygen Local

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    I have to agree with that. Sometimes they have a 'sales catalogue' - a few odd pages they keep in the basement - that can tell you so much. Don't be wary of asking for their help - that's what they're there for :)
  17. blink

    blink New Member

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    i think ill have to make a trip there when im able in a month or so, do you have to be a member?
  18. lucygen

    lucygen Local

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    Only if you want to take books out or use the computers. There's a photo-copying machine in the local studies part too.
  19. blink

    blink New Member

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    ok, that will be my firt port of call then :)
  20. lucygen

    lucygen Local

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    Altered the photo dated 25th Sep. 1929. So you should be able to see Theo. Pearson now...I do apologise :oops:

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